Cultures around the world have their own unique rituals, allowing people to express their identity and bring communities together. A new cinematically-filmed TV series highlights some of these rituals, from the cities of Japan to the jungles of New Guinea, from birth and death, marriage and funerals, to ancient and modern ceremonies. For young teenagers looking for love in Southwest China, many lay their hopes on an ancient ritual that gives the Long Horn Miao people their name. Girls wear huge wigs made from the hair of their ancestors, wrapped around long wooden horns. Both girls and boys dress to impress and sing love songs dating back to the 7th century. Ritual body painting is a way of marking significant events for the Kayapo people in the Brazilian Amazon. The traditional geometric designs in this image are being painted in preparation to welcome a new village chief. The people of Kaningara village, Papua New Guinea, have a tradition of body carving as an initiation into adulthood. Hundreds of cuts are made in the skin to resemble the scales of a crocodile, powerful predators the village has lived alongside for thousands of years.
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According to the Florentine Codex, the bride is carried on the back of a matchmaker The Florentine Codex describes the many events leading up to the wedding feast, some of which you can see in the Codex Mendoza picture -. First the soothsayers had to be consulted in order to set the marriage under a favourable day sign; the good days were Reed, Monkey, Crocodile [Alligator], Eagle and House.
The day before the marriage, invitations to the banquet were issued. By midday all the guests were assembled, gifts were placed before the hearth, and the old men and women were well on their way to becoming drunk on pulque, the fermented juice of the maguey plant. In the foreground, a large pitcher of pulque stands beside a small bowl that also contains [the drink – look for the pulque foam at the top of the bowls
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According to the National Institute of Population and Social Security Research , in it was estimated that around 6. The practice of miai emerged in 16th century Japan among the samurai class to form and protect strong military alliances among warlords to ensure mutual support. It became the practice for those seeking a union between families and parents on both sides made all the decision regarding marriage.
Miai was a solemn practice and involved considerations that are not given as much weight by most modern Japanese people , such as family bloodlines and class. This type of miai is usually seen portrayed in films and television dramas. After the Pacific War , the trend was to abandon the restrictive arranged-meetings system. Modern forms of miai are still practiced in Japan today, although they are no longer as prevalent as they were in the pre-Meiji era. There are accounts that reveal how parents pressure their unmarried children into arranged meetings that eventually lead to marriages particularly those who would assume family responsibilities such as those inheriting family business.
The participants in a miai process include the candidates who are to potentially be married and the families of these candidates. However, miai can take place without any involvement of the prospective couple’s families.
CONTINUE TO BILLING/PAYMENT
The conversation started from afar, in allegorical form, and the bride’s parents usually took time to respond. The final word was given after the second or the third call of matchmakers. In case of positive decision the bride’s parents accepted bread from the matchmakers and cut it. In the event of refusal the bread was returned to the matchmakers intact.
In China, girls of the Long Horn Miao people wear their ancestors’ hair to look beautiful for a matchmaking ritual. Photo / Supplied. NZ Herald.
The legend goes that when the Knights of the Round Table came to takes wives they called them ‘brides’ as a means of bestowing honor and blessings on them. The name remained popular in Christian times and was given to one of Ireland’s three patron saints, St. Brigid St. Colmchille and St. Patrick are the others. This is why matchmaking was such serious business.
Irish literature is littered with stories of matchmakers plying their trade and the ensuing mayhem! Weddings, in fact, bring out the romance in the Irish people. Prior to the late twentieth century, most people earned their living off the land and so everyday life was sometimes tough and decidedly unromantic. A wedding, however, was a time for people to put down their work, to dress up in their Sunday best and to celebrate something beautiful.
A wedding is a gathering of the clan in the very happiest of senses.
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How about a ritual biannual orgy, holy sparrow’s eggs, or tests involving kindness to camels?
One of longest traditions of matchmaking is in Jewish communities in Eastern Europe and Russia, with the height of this tradition occurring in the Middle Ages. There, a professional matchmaker, known as a shadkhan plural shadkanim , had an extremely important profession because of the relative isolation of the small communities and the fact that courtship was actually frowned upon. Search this site. The Young Woman. The Parents. Matchmaker Number One.
‘Indian Matchmaking’: Was Akshay’s Engagement Ceremony Fake?
All the emotions of that time came rushing back while she watched Netflix’s newest ‘dating show’: Indian Matchmaking. The reality show about a high-flying Indian matchmaker named Sima Taparia has spawned thousands of articles, social media takes, critiques and memes. More importantly, it’s inspired real-life conversations about what it means to be a young South Asian person trying to navigate marriage, love — and yes, parental expectations. Many young South Asian Australians told ABC Life they’ve seen aspects of their real lives being played out in the show, but that of course, one reality program could never capture the myriad experiences of people across many communities, language groups, religions, genders, sexualities, traditions and castes of the subcontinental region.
Hindu custom of arranged marriage as the Indian Matchmaking ritual. Arranged marriages have long been the norm in South Asian societies.
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A Famous Psychologist Talks About 3 Rituals That Can Help a Kid Feel Your Love Even at a Distance
Content created: File last modified:. Procursus: Here follows the text of a conference paper in which I summarized my research related to the tradition of marriage brokering in China, both in the past, and up to the time of the conference. Insofar as possible, the text here is configured like the original conference paper. Footnotes, for purposes of web page presentation, are inserted into the text shortly after the point of citation.
Chinese characters are returned to simplified form red , since the research was largely conducted in mainland China.
Matchmaking was facilitated by a shadkhn (marriage broker), who maintained a Marriage customs, especially the wedding ceremony, remained largely.
And for good reason — for centuries, strategically planned marriages allowed the wealthy and elite to retain their social standing, property and family businesses for generations. Marrying for love was pure fantasy and relegated to works of popular fiction. Respectable behavior and strict courtship rituals were the hallmarks of Victorian romance.
Absolutely no physical contact was allowed until the couple became engaged, and gifts were limited to impersonal gestures like flowers, chocolate or a book. Emotional intimacy was expressed primarily through love letters. Dance halls and theaters encouraged group socializing between men and women, and dating became a way to build popularity and social standing.
Certain behavioral norms — for example, men should pay for dates, dating many different people before marriage — became popular. Rapid industrialization across the US meant opportunity for more leisure time, too, producing a nationalized culture and popular media in the form of magazines, radio programs and scholarly journals. And because dating no longer followed the same rigid rules of Victorian courtship, everyone from members of the clergy to social scientists, educators and newspaper columnists stepped in to offer dating advice and matchmaking services.
Lori Polemenakos is an award-winning journalist and the former senior editor at Match. Michael Mellini is the communications coordinator at Goodman Theatre. He has worked as a contributor for Broadway. Club and Ship to Shore Productions.